Alaska Native Collections – Sharing Knowledge

 

Parka

atkuk “parka”
Language: Central Yup'ik

When they just bring in an animal and it’s not cut up yet, the spirit is still there…Before it’s cut up or while it’s drying, the spirit is still there, and it’s going to go out and tell the rest of them: “This family took good care of me; this family is a good place to stay.”

—Virginia Minock, 2002

This warm, lightweight winter parka for a man was sewn from ninety-three Arctic ground squirrel skins. The maker used whole pelts, turning the bellies toward the inside of the garment. The hood ruff is wolf, and the cuffs have bands of white caribou and brown wolverine fur. A woman’s role as clothing maker had social and spiritual meanings. The designs she sewed expressed personal and family identity, and well-made, beautiful clothing helped her husband as a hunter because it pleased the animals. A fine parka demonstrated her sewing skills as well as her husband’s success as a provider.

Culture: Yup’ik
Region: Bristol Bay, Alaska
Village: Nushagak
Object Category: Clothing
Dimensions: Length: 160cm
Accession Date: 1880
Source: Edward W. Nelson (collector)
Museum: National Museum of Natural History
Museum ID Number: E043282